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How to plant potatoes and when to do it

Knowing how to plant potatoes in the proper manner offers you the most important and best possible tubers. Growing potatoes is so simple as finding out them. How to develop tomatoes from seeds, however following this information will make a distinction. Potatoes are huge, tasty, and ripen briefly.

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If you’re a amateur in rising potatoes, you’re in good fortune. Here we will be able to information you thru precisely what you want to do to make your potatoes develop effectively. We will duvet when it is best possible to plant them and how to until the land prematurely. This information will solution any questions you will have and supply helpful pointers and methods that even essentially the most seasoned gardener must know.

how to plant potatoes

Things you want

seed potato

fairing knife

Fertilizer

compost / elderly urine

hoe/shovel

One. Choose a spot — First you want to make a decision the place to plant the potatoes. Choose a location with a lot of daylight, preferably a fairly acidic soil (pH 5.0-7.0). If you do not meet those standards, do not be concerned. Potatoes are very hardy and will develop nearly any place.

2. Picking Seed Potatoes — Buy seed potatoes for planting, now not potato seeds. Potatoes bought from the grocer are handled with a germination retardant and won’t paintings. Seed Potatoes can also be discovered at your native farm retailer, however Simply Seed ($12.59, Amazon).

Seed potatoes cut in half for hardening with other seed potatoes on the background

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)

3. Cut the seed potatoes. Seed potatoes must be minimize 3-5 days sooner than planting. This will lend a hand retain moisture and offer protection to towards spoilage. Large potatoes must be minimize in part in order that every section is the dimensions of a golfing ball. You need every piece to have two ‘eyes’ from which it will sprout. Don’t concern about slicing down seed potatoes which are already the dimensions of a golfing ball.

4. Groom the seed potatoes — The minimize potatoes must now be left ‘hardened’ for 3-5 days. It can also be specified by the solar or saved in a heat space (roughly 70°F). Within a couple of days, you might even see thick calluses forming at the wound web page.

5. Prepare the land — You can paintings within the flooring whilst the potatoes are hardening. Remove weeds and use a hoe or shovel to dig a ditch roughly 6-8 inches deep and the bottom is ready 3 inches broad. If you want a couple of row, stay about 3 ft between rows. The soil is tilled with compost or rotted manure on the backside of the ditch.

man planting seed potatoes in a trench

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)

6. Planting Potatoes — Each potato must be planted with the ‘eye’ aspect up and the minimize aspect down and spaced 12 inches on either side. (Baby potatoes can also be positioned 9 inches aside.) Buffy Bone Meal Fertilizer ($12.99; Amazon) between every potato seed, dosing in accordance to packaging directions. Then duvet it with 3-4 inches of soil to start with.

As the plant grows and sprouts (it will succeed in roughly 8 inches in top), simplest the highest leaves will stick out of the bottom, as you’ll want to upload any other 3-4 inches of soil on best. Then repeat once more when you develop any other 8 inches. This would possibly take a number of weeks. At this level, the soil must be about 5 inches above the bottom. This method is named ‘hilling’, and the extra you do, the simpler the harvest, however you could have to forestall when the plant is flowering.

7. Water and Wait – Potatoes want about 1-2 inches of water every week as a common guiding principle, however do not overwater when they first get started rising. Water generously right through the summer time, particularly when vegetation start to bloom. Stop watering when the leaves flip yellow and wither once more. This will lend a hand keep the potatoes for harvest.

A person harvesting potatoes with a shovel and collecting them in a bucket

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)

8. Harvesting Potatoes — This is best possible carried out on dry days. New potatoes can also be harvested two weeks after flowering, however potatoes do now not heal and should be eaten inside of a couple of days, so it is best possible to simplest dig one or two crops at a time. Ideally, you must wait 2-3 weeks after the leaves die sooner than digging.

9. Storing Potatoes — To retailer potatoes for a very long time, they should first be moderately dug up and then left within the soil for a number of days. If it rains, cross to safe haven.

Once hardened, potatoes must be saved in a dry, cool, well-ventilated, darkish position (35-45°F). Do now not wash till able to use as this will likely shorten their lifespan. For long-term garage, the foundation cellar is perfect.

When must potatoes be planted?

Potatoes are best possible planted in early spring or as quickly because the soil can paintings. Soil must be between 45º and 55ºF. This signifies that if past due frosts fall to your backyard, you’ll want to offer protection to the potatoes with a canopy. The soil must now not be too rainy, as it could cause the potatoes to rot. As a common information, it is best possible to wait 2-3 weeks sooner than the ultimate frost date. However, potatoes can also be planted at the newest in June, so that you don’t seem to be tied to this date.

Dirty Potatoes Stacked in a Basket

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)

How lengthy does it take for potatoes to develop?

This is determined by the kind of potatoes you’re rising and the dimensions you wish to have to develop. It takes 60-90 days for a brand new potato to develop, however a full-size potato takes about 120 days. As the leaves start to die once more, you understand they’re able to harvest, and you might even see small piles of dust being driven up to the ground of the stems. If now not, you’ll be able to additionally really feel the dimensions of the potatoes within the soil if you are now not certain.


For extra planting pointers, methods and methods, take a look at our information on how to prune hydrangeas, deal with orchids, and 5 techniques to get ready your lawn for spring.


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How to plant potatoes and when to do it

Knowing how to plant potatoes the proper manner can provide the largest and best possible tubers imaginable. Potatoes are beautiful simple to develop, just like finding out how to develop tomatoes from seeds, however following this information will make a distinction. Your potatoes might be full-sized and flavorsome, ripe for cooking very quickly. 
If you’re a beginner when it comes to rising potatoes, you’re in good fortune. Here, we will be able to take you thru precisely what you want to do to get your potatoes thriving. We will duvet when best possible to plant them in addition to how to domesticate your land previously. This information will solution any questions you could have and will supply helpful pointers and methods, which even essentially the most seasoned gardeners must learn about. 
How to plant potatoes  
What you’ll want
Seed potatoes
Paring knife
Fertilizer
Compost/elderly manure
Hoe/shovel
1. Choose a place — First, you want to make a decision the place you wish to have to plant your potatoes. Pick a space which will get a lot of solar, preferably with fairly acidic soil (PH of five.0 to 7.0). Don’t concern if you’ll be able to’t relatively meet those requirements — potatoes are beautiful hardy and will develop most commonly any place.  
2. Pick out your seed potatoes — Make certain you purchase seed potatoes for planting, now not potato seeds. Any potatoes you select up from a grocery retailer gained’t paintings as they’ll were handled with a sprout-retardant. You can in finding seed potatoes at native farm retail outlets, however they’re extensively to be had on-line too, reminiscent of those seed potatoes from Simply Seed ($12.59, Amazon).   

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)
3. Cut your seed potatoes — You want to minimize your seed potatoes 3-5 days forward of planting them. This will lend a hand them retain moisture and higher offer protection to them from rotting as effectively. Any huge potatoes must be minimize in part so every phase is concerning the length of a golfing ball. You need every piece to have a few ‘eyes’ which is the place it will sprout from. Don’t concern about slicing any smaller seed potatoes that are already the dimensions of a golfing ball.
4. Cure your seed potatoes — Now, you want to go away your minimize potatoes out to ‘treatment’ for 3-5 days. You can lay them out within the solar, or simply stay them in a heat house (kind of 70°F). You must understand a thick callous forming over the cuts inside of a few days.    
5. Prep the bottom — While your potatoes are curing, you’ll be able to get to paintings at the flooring. Remove any weeds and, the usage of a hoe or shovel, dig a trench kind of 6-8 inches deep, with the bottom about 3 inches broad. If you want a couple of row, stay about 3 ft between them. Cultivate the soil through blending in compost or rotted manure on the base of the ditch.  

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)
6. Plant your potatoes — Each potato must be planted cut-side down with the ‘eyes’ up, and spaced 12 inches aside on each aspect. (Baby potatoes can also be spaced each 9 inches.) Sprinkle fertilizer, reminiscent of Burpee Bone Meal Fertilizer ($12.99, Amazon) between every potato seed, following pack directions for dosage. Then duvet with 3-4 inches of soil to get started. 
As the crops develop and sprout (attaining kind of 8 inches in top), you’ll want to upload any other 3-4 inches of soil on best, so simplest the highest leaves are poking out of the bottom. Then repeat once more when they develop any other 8 inches, which will take a number of weeks. By this level, your soil must be about 5 inches above flooring stage. This method is referred to as ‘hilling’ and the extra you do it, the simpler the harvest might be, even though you must forestall when the crops flower. 
7. Water and wait — Potatoes want about one to two inches of water every week for common steerage, however don’t overwater them as they first get started to develop. Give them a lot of water in the course of the summer time, particularly when they begin to flower. Once the leaves flip yellow and die again, forestall watering — this may lend a hand keep the potatoes for harvest.  

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)
8. Harvest your potatoes — This is best possible carried out on a dry day. You can harvest new potatoes two weeks after the plant has completed flowering, however be mindful those gained’t treatment and will want to be eaten inside of a couple of days, so it’s possible you’ll simplest need to dig up one or two crops at a time. Ideally, you must look forward to 2-3 weeks after the foliage dies again to dig them out. 
9. Store your potatoes — If you wish to have your potatoes to ultimate, you must first allow them to treatment for a couple of days at the best of the soil after moderately digging them up. If it rains, transfer them to safe haven. 
Once cured, you must retailer your potatoes someplace dry, cool, well-ventilated and darkish (35-45°F). Don’t wash them till you’re able to use them, as this may shorten the lifespan. For long-term garage, a root cellar is perfect.
When must you plant potatoes?
Potatoes are best possible planted in early spring or as quickly because the soil can also be labored. The soil must be between 45º to 55ºF, this means that you’ll want to offer protection to your potatoes with a canopy if a past due frost hits your backyard. You don’t need the soil to be overly rainy both as it will rot the potatoes. It’s best possible to wait 2-3 weeks prior to the ultimate frost date for common steerage. However, potatoes can also be planted as past due as June, so that you’re now not tied to those dates.  

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)
How lengthy does it take potatoes to develop?
This truly depends upon the kind of potato you’re rising and the dimensions you wish to have to develop them to. New potatoes want between 60-90 days to develop, while full-size potatoes require about 120 days. You can inform they’re able to harvest since the leaves get started to die again and you may additionally understand a small mound of soil driven up on the base of the stem. Failing that, you’ll be able to additionally really feel for the dimensions of the potato within the soil in case you’re undecided. 
For extra planting pointers, methods, and how-tos, take a look at our guides on how to prune hydrangeas, how to deal with an orchid, and 5 issues to get your lawn able for spring. 

#plant #potatoes


Trần Ris

I'm Tran Ris, I blog to share good knowledge with you. Hope you find the information you need! Thank you for reading and following my blog!

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